Food chemistry is the study of chemical processes and interactions of all biological and non-biological components of foods.
To start off, the most basic thing that our body needs to digest food are digestive enzymes. There are 4 types of enzymes- Amylase, Maltase, Protease, Lipase. Along which, starch and amylase belong to a group called Carbohydrates. There are three main types of food groups- carbohydrates, proteins and lipids(fats).
What are enzymes?
Enzymes are complex proteins that speeds up the rate of chemical reactions. Enzymes remain unchanged at the end of chemical reactions.
Preserved food have food additives added in it. It helps to preserve flavour and builds up its taste and appearance. Additives have been used since the past. Many more additives have been discovered over the past few centuries, and they can be both natural or artificial. They are many harmful addictive present in this world- and most of them are what we consume daily.
Have you ever wondered why dogs can’t eat chocolate?
Chocolate consists of Theobromine. Theobromine is a mild stimulant, similar in effect to caffeine, which is found in chocolate. This compound is harmless to humans at levels of eating chocolate. It will take us to consume ten kilograms of milk chocolate before we die. However, for cats and dogs, theobromine has a potent effect. Small doses could lead to vomiting and diarrhoea. Only the consumption of 50g of dark chocolate could kill a small dog.